Assess whether a proportional electoral system is better than a majoritarian one

CLC’s team led by Ms. Sofia Syrma, BSc, Politics, Philosophy & Economics, LSE ‘21, mentored and supervised our students Maria Panagopoulou, Georgia Papaioannou, and Marilia Giannakaki to carry out an argumentative paper with respect to the proportional and majoritarian electoral systems.

Elections give to the citizens of a country an opportunity to support (through their vote) the people that they find more suitable to govern and, through this process, affect the formation of the government and the legislative body. Even though this is true in all democracies, the way in which the citizens’ votes are translated into parliamentary seats differ greatly across them.

In particular, there are two main electoral systems – laws through which electoral competition is regulated (Clark, Golder and Golder, 2018, pp.522) – that democracies tend to use: majoritarian electoral systems and proportional electoral systems (PR). As it can be understood, determining which electoral system is better has led to countless debates in the political science world.

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